Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Instagram YouTube Play Video WhatsApp

5 ways India is healthier now than it was in 1947

Jun 28, 2022

Picture Credits: Rajesh Mehta

At the time of Independence, India was a low-income, high-fertility country with poor life expectancy and infant mortality rates (IMR), but it has started looking good on many health indicators now, Atul Thakur’s analysis shows

Median age up in a still young country

Median age is the age that divides a country’s population into two halves – younger and older than it. In the 1950s, India’s median age was below 20, a level seen across most of Africa now. While India’s median age is still among the youngest in the world, it has inched closer to where Europe was in the 1950s

1.jpg 87.9 KB
Fertility rate down, population growth slowing

India’s total fertility rate – births per woman – has declined from 5.9 in the 1950s, when the UK and the US were at 2.2 and 3.3, respectively, to 2.2 now. It is among the lowest in large Asian countries. Fears of a ‘population explosion’ have faded

2.jpg 101.22 KB
IMR at 1950s’ level of the West

India’s IMR is at the level of the ‘first world’ in the 1950s, although Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Thailand are at the current level of the US and the UK

4.jpg 33.5 KB
Life expectancy has almost doubled

Since the 1950s, India’s life expectancy has increased from 37 years to 69 years. There is scope for further improvement, though, as it is among the lowest in the subcontinent, and also among other large Asian countries.

3.png 216.91 KB

Get updates on latest Stories of a Changing India

© 2024 The Times of a Better India. Powered by Leo Digital.